Premiere Plus Realty Co.
Jennifer Johansen, Premiere Plus Realty Co.Phone: (239) 450-0822
Email: [email protected]

What are the structural components of a building?

by Jennifer Johansen 01/21/2024

What are the structural components of a building

Building construction is at a high as the economy increases and more folks need resources such as homes, stores and other conveniences. 

Knowing the basics of a building structure is a great way to appreciate some of the technologies we use in our everyday lives and have a more profound understanding of structural fundamentals keeping us safe. 

What are the main components of a building?

Even though many of the structures we use on a daily basis such as grocery stores, shopping centers, and other buildings are simplistic at first glance, there are many components making these designs safe and functional for everyday use. The main basic components of a building include but are not limited to: 

  • Roof 
  • Beams
  • Columns 
  • Parapet
  • Lintels
  • Damp proof course (DPC)
  • Stairs
  • Walls
  • Floor
  • Plinth
  • Foundation
  • Plinth beam 

How are structural members classified?

Structural members are components of a building used to strengthen and stabilize for optimal safety. These particular building components include: 

  • Beams
  • Frames
  • Columns
  • Tension structures 
  • Etc. 

What is the function of structural members?

Structural members of a building include all the systems that act as the “bones” and help to strengthen a structure. For example, slabs are used to create flat surfaces used to carry the load of other structures, such as roof slab or flooring and may be reinforced with concrete beams or walls. 

Footing is another vital component which acts as a tool to transmit the weight and loads from building columns to the soil. 

Everything from the ground floor to the top of the roof serves a vital function, and with the aforementioned basics, you get a better picture of the components making up your home.

About the Author

Jennifer Johansen

Jennifer is passionate about the Real Estate business, and has been involved in related family businesses in construction, architectural millwork, and finance for 20 years. She and her husband relocated to Naples, from New York, 10 years ago, although her family has owned property on Marco Island since the 1980's. She has a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology and a Dual Master's Degree in Counseling and Education. She has acquired many necessary skills that are useful in Real Estate from being in the field of Counseling for many years. She holds the belief that building rapport is vital to helping her clients have a positive experience, while achieving their goals. She is very thorough and detail oriented, and has formed many close relationships with professionals in related fields, such as law, title insurance, home inspectors and other contractors. She aims to offer concierge- level service to her clients at every price point. When time permits, she enjoys spending time with family and friends. Having grown up on the South Shore of Long Island, and enjoying her summers on Fire Island, she loves any activity related to salt water, boating and the beach. Additional hobbies include gardening, art, and studying nutrition, wellness and naturopathy. She is knowledgeable about Naples and Marco Island Real Estate, in estate areas, golf/gated communities, and waterfront properties. She is a member of The Naples Board of Realtors and Marco Island Area Association of Realtors.